Top 7 Most Common Medical Skin Conditions

The skin is the body’s largest organ and is constantly on the job. From its role as a barrier against harmful substances to its ability to repair wounds, the skin is a diverse organ. Knowing what to look for with various skin conditions can help you take early action to maintain the health of your skin and overall wellness.


Acne is the most common skin disease, affecting up to 80% of adolescents and young adults. Acne commonly occurs due to clogged pores in the skin and excess oil production. The skin’s pores naturally produce oil but excess production mixes with dead skin cells and surface debris, leading to clogged pores and the development of whiteheads or blackheads. Bacteria can also get trapped in the pores and multiply, causing inflammation and painful pimples. At Biltmore Dermatology, we have multiple treatment options and will custom-tailor a treatment regime for you.


Hyperpigmentation refers to a variety of conditions that cause a darkening of the skin, usually in an uneven pattern like dark spots or blotchiness. Irregular pigmentation is often caused by sun exposure and damage to the skin cells. Damaged cells produce an excess amount of melanin (the pigment in your skin), leading to conditions like melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and freckles. Standard, efficient treatment options include chemical peels, laser treatments, and daily application of broad-spectrum sunscreen.


Rosacea causes red, inflamed, and/or swollen skin on the cheeks, nose, and chin. In worsening cases, rosacea can also develop around the eyes and cause eye irritation. Factors like emotional stress, extreme heat, spicy foods, and certain skincare products can trigger rosacea flare-ups. Rosacea can be treated with laser treatments and prescription medications. We will also work with you to identify the specific triggers affecting your unique case.


Eczema is a skin disease that develops in scaly, itchy patches of skin. Atopic dermatitis (the most common form of eczema) is a chronic skin disease that commonly develops in children and continues throughout life. Eczema is not contagious and is often best treated with heavy moisturizers and avoidance of triggering factors like harsh soaps and hot bathing.


Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that causes the skin to shed excessively and quickly. Skin cells develop much faster than they can be replaced, resulting in thin, dry, and scaly patches of skin. Skin affected by psoriasis may also appear red or irritated. Plaques (raised areas) are common with psoriasis, especially on elbows, knees, scalp, and back. Dermatologists often prescribe or recommend topical creams, oral medications, biologic therapy, and other treatments to help control an overactive immune system.

Skin Infections

Skin infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses that enter the skin through a cut or opening in the skin. Warts and herpes are the two most common types of skin infections. If left untreated, infections can spread to deeper layers of the skin and cause more significant problems such as cellulitis and even sepsis. Luckily, many skin infections are self-healing or can be easily treated with topical creams and antibiotics.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, but it is often easily treated if detected early. Skin growths with abnormal coloring, rapidly growing growths, or growths that bleed, itch, or hurt should be examined by a dermatology-certified provider. Image-guided superficial radiation therapy or surgical removal can be considered, depending on the type of skin cancer and its severity.

Schedule a Consultation

Despite the skin’s ability to repair itself, it can be easily damaged or susceptible to various medical conditions. Located in Terre Haute, IN, Biltmore Dermatology aims to provide the best possible service and care in resolving any skin issues that may arise. Schedule a consultation today with board-certified dermatologic nurse practitioner Ryan Patterson to discuss your skin concerns and develop an effective treatment plan customized to your needs.


If you have an immediate concern, you want to find quality care as soon as possible. Our office takes walk-in appointments and will be happy to address your concerns and offer you immediate treatment suggestions and medical care.


Schedule your consultation